What are lifestyle diseases?

Lifestyle diseases are not infectious nor communicable yet appear to be one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Generally, these diseases are mainly caused by three fatal behaviors—unhealthy diet, low physical activities, and substance abuse. The common manifestations of lifestyle diseases are obesity, hypertension,  type II diabetes,  heart attack, liver cancer, kidney failure, and many more. However, these could be prevented with a proper lifestyle and discipline.

Know Your Risk

Obesity

Obesity is global epidemic, occurring in almost every part of the world. It is characterized by excessive and abnormal fat production that can cause health problems. It is commonly caused by high food intake and low energy expenditure. Other risk factors include genetics, pregnancy, lack of sleep, adulting, depression, and various of other unhealthy habits. Fortunately, we have advance technology that addresses obesity, and through advances in science, we can now identify and potentially address the problem from its root cause.

Diabetes

Diabetes is a disorder caused by excessive glucose in the blood. Blood glucose, also known as blood sugar, carries the energy from the food we eat; thus, playing an essential role in the body’s energy production. However, high glucose level in the blood leads to adverse health consequences, including diabetes mellitus. It happens when the body suffers from impaired production and secretion of insulin, the hormone responsible for the conversion of glucose to energy. Other causes of excessive blood glucose are sedentary lifestyles and unhealthy diet.

Cardiovascular Diseases

Heart attack, stroke, and hypertension are the most common cardiovascular diseases occurring worldwide. Older people are more vulnerable, though recent statistics show that younger individuals can also suffer from such illnesses. Some factors that trigger cardiovascular diseases are high cholesterol, obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and sometimes, family history.Because some individuals are pre-disposed with genes that increase their risks,  observing a healthy lifestyle is crucial. The treatments for cardiovascular diseases can be so expensive; thus, the saying, “Prevention is better than cure” could make a difference.

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